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Types of terrorism

May 18, 2007 · 13 Comments · Terrorism

In pairs, research the different types of terrorism and provide their definitions.

Examples: State-sponsored terrorism.

13 Comments

  • Jack

    Different Types of Terrorism.

    Experts have identified at least four different types of terrorism:
    A. Nationalist-Separatist Terrorism: violence undertaken by those seeking to establish a separate state for their own national/ethnic group [e.g. the Irish Republican Army (IRA), Basque Homeland & Liberty (ETA), the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK)].
    B. Religious Terrorism: the use of violence by those seeking to further what they conceive as divinely commanded purposes, often targeting broad categories of ‘enemies’ in an attempt to bring about sweeping changes [e.g. Aum Shinrikyo, al-Qaida, Hizbollah, Hamas].
    C. Left-Wing Terrorism: violence undertaken by those seeking to destroy capitalism and replace it with a communist or socialist regime [e.g. Red Army Faction (RAF), German Red Brigades, Prima Linea, the Weather Underground/Symbionese Liberation Army].
    D. Right-Wing Terrorism: The use of violence by those seeking to dispense with liberal democratic governments [e.g. Timothy McVeigh].
    http://www.fpa.org/newsletter_info2478/newsletter_info.htm
    Agro-Terrorism: The malicious use of plant or animal pathogens to cause devastating disease in the agricultural sector. It may also take the form of hoaxes and threats intended to create public fear of such events”.
    Anarchism: The promotion of terrorism against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution.
    Bio-terrorism: Is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents (bacteria, viruses or toxins); these may be in a naturally-occurring or in a human-modified form.
    Eco- Terrorism: Is used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism.
    Nuclear Terrorism: Denotes the use of nuclear weapons, radiological weapons (dirty bombs), or attacks against local facilities that handle nuclear material with mass destruction in mind.
    http://www.wikipwedia.com

  • Pascal

    A. Nationalist-Separatist Terrorism: violence undertaken by those seeking to establish a separate state for their own national/ethnic group [e.g. the Irish Republican Army (IRA), Basque Homeland & Liberty (ETA), the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK)].

    B. Religious Terrorism: the use of violence by those seeking to further what they conceive as divinely commanded purposes, often targeting broad categories of ‘enemies’ in an attempt to bring about sweeping changes [e.g. Aum Shinrikyo, al-Qaida, Hizbollah, Hamas].

    C. Left-Wing Terrorism: violence undertaken by those seeking to destroy capitalism and replace it with a communist or socialist regime [e.g. Red Army Faction (RAF), German Red Brigades, Prima Linea, the Weather Underground/Symbionese Liberation Army].

    D. Right-Wing Terrorism: The use of violence by those seeking to dispense with liberal democratic governments [e.g. Timothy McVeigh].

    Source: http://www.fpa.org/newsletter_info2478/newsletter_info.htm

  • Aaron S

    What is left-wing terrorism?
Left-wing terrorists are out to destroy capitalism and replace it with a communist or socialist regime. Because they see most civilians as suffering from capitalist exploitation, left-wing terrorists sometimes have limited their use of violence to avoid hurting the victims they say they want to save. Left-wing terrorists sometimes focus instead on such tactics as kidnapping tycoons or bombing monuments.



    What are some examples of left-wing terrorist groups?
The Baader-Meinhof Group (Germany), the Japanese Red Army, the Weathermen (1970s America), and the Red Brigades (Italy) are examples of left-wing terrorist groups.



    What is right-wing terrorism?
Right-wing terrorists are among the least organized terrorists, often associated with neo-Nazi street rioting in Western Europe, especially in the early 1980s. These groups, often dominated by skinheads, seek to do away with liberal democratic governments and create fascist states in their place. Neofascist terrorists frequently attack immigrants and refugees from the developing world and are both racist and antisemitic.



    What is anarchist terrorism?
From the 1870s until about 1920, anarchist terrorism was a major global phenomenon. Revolutionaries seeking to overthrow established governments launched a wave of bombings and assassinated a series of heads of state; one such victim was President William McKinley, killed in 1901 by a young Hungarian refugee influenced by anarchist sentiments. Some experts see signs of a new interest in anarchist violence arising out of the recent wave of protests against globalization.


    What is nationalist terrorism?
Nationalist terrorists seek to form a separate state for their own national group, often by drawing attention to a fight for “national liberation” that they think the world has ignored. This sort of terrorism has been among the most successful at winning international sympathy and concessions. Experts say that nationalist terror groups have tended to calibrate their use of violence, using enough to rivet world attention but not so much that they alienate supporters abroad or members of their base community. Nationalist terrorism can be difficult to define, since many groups accused of the practice insist that they are not terrorists but freedom fighters.



    What are some examples of nationalist terrorist groups?
Nationalist terrorist groups include the Irish Republican Army and the Palestine Liberation Organization, both of which said during the 1990s that they had renounced terrorism. Other prominent examples are the Basque Fatherland and Liberty, which seeks to create a Basque homeland separate from Spain, and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, which seeks to create a Kurdish state independent from Turkey. Earlier nationalist terror groups sought to expel colonial rulers; such groups included the Irgun and the Lehi (both Jewish militias opposed to British rule in Palestine in the 1940s) and the National Liberation Front (opposed to French rule in Algeria in the 1950s).


    
What is religious terrorism?
Religious terrorists seek to use violence to further what they see as divinely commanded purposes, often targeting broad categories of foes in an attempt to bring about sweeping changes. Religious terrorists come from many major faiths, as well as from small cults. This type of terrorism is growing swiftly, notes Bruce Hoffman of the RAND think tank; in 1995 (the most recent year for which such statistics were available), nearly half of the 56 known, active international terrorist groups were religiously motivated. Because religious terrorists are concerned not with rallying a constituency of fellow nationalists or ideologues but with pursuing their own vision of the divine will, they lack one of the major constraints that historically has limited the scope of terror attacks, experts say. As Hoffman puts it, the most extreme religious terrorists can sanction “almost limitless violence against a virtually open-ended category of targets: that is, anyone who is not a member of the terrorists’ religion or religious sect.”

    

What are some examples of religious terrorist groups?
Examples include Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda network, the Palestinian Sunni Muslim organization Hamas, the Lebanese Shiite group Hezbollah, the radical Jewish groups affiliated with the late Rabbi Meir Kahane, the Israeli extremists Baruch Goldstein (who machine-gunned Muslim worshipers in a Hebron mosque in 1994) and Yigal Amir (who assassinated then Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in 1995), some American white-supremacist militias, and the Aum Shinrikyo doomsday cult in Japan.

What is state-sponsored terrorism?
State-sponsored terrorist groups are deliberately used by radical states as foreign policy tools—as Hoffman puts it, as “a cost-effective way of waging war covertly, through the use of surrogate warriors or ‘guns for hire.’” One important early case was the Iranian government’s use of supposedly independent young militants to seize hostages at the American embassy in Tehran in 1979. With enhanced resources at their disposal, state-sponsored terrorist groups are often capable of carrying out more deadly attacks than other terrorists, including airplane bombings.


    Nationalist Terrorism
    The perpetrators of this type of terrorism are individuals or groups with strong nationalist ideas and goals. Sometimes they want to establish an independent state, or to take control of a certain region or country and sometimes to overthrow the government of a country or to accomplish the abolition of an entire political system to replace it with another, or to simply abandon it in favor of another, as in the case of ETA in Spain or Shining Path in South America. In the case of the Irish Revolutionary Army (IRA) in Northern Ireland. They want to free Northern Ireland from British rule and they are a good example of Nationalist Terrorism as well as the Irish Loyalists group which have exactly opposite goals to those of the IRA. Unfortunately both sides of this conflict have caused, in the past, the loss of numerous lives.
    The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), who want to establish an independent state in Sri Lanka, HAMAS and the Euskadi Ta Askatasuna in Spain, are also good examples of National Terrorist groups active today.

    State Terrorism
    Also called Establishment Terrorism. Te purpose of State Terrorism is to dominate and intimidate the population through violent acts or threats, to cause terror and repression and obtain obedience to strict rules dictated by the State or the participation in State activities, utilizing systematic punishment, communication media, monopoly and the creation of disciplinary centers for dissidents.
    A variation of State Terrorism is the State-Supported Terrorism, in which terrorist groups are protected or funded by the government and they engage in violent attacks and general oppression of the people of a nation.
    The Reign of Terror in France and the Holocaust in Germany are considered by some to be good examples of State Terrorism in history.

    Global Terrorism
    Up to the 90s, terrorism was mainly of the two traditional types above. However, in the 90′s terrorism started taking a more gobal form and culminating in the most devastating global terrorist attack in USA on Sept 11 2001. From then on, more global terrorism followed and it will remain the number 1 security threat for many nations for many more years to come. This form of terrorism has spawned many derivatives such as bio/chemical and cyber terrorism.

    Cyberterrorism can be defined as the unlawful attack or threat of attack against computer networks and the information stored in them, with the intent to intimidate or coerce. (Verton, 2003).

One of the main targets of cyberterrorists are the computer networks that control systems that provide public services, such as electrical supply systems, airports, train networks, satellite networks, financial and emergency systems, etc.

  • samo and brito

    One popular typology identifies three broad classes of terrorism: revolutionary, subrevolutionary, and establishment terrorism.
    Civil Disorders – A form of collective violence interfering with the peace, security, and normal functioning of the community. E.g. the bombing of trains in London
    Political Terrorism – Violent criminal behavior designed primarily to generate fear in the community, or substantial segment of it, for political purposes. E.g. The Munich attacks

    Non-Political Terrorism – Terrorism that is not aimed at political purposes but which exhibits “conscious design to create and maintain high degree of fear for coercive purposes, but the end is individual or collective gain rather than the achievement of a political objective.”
    Quasi-Terrorism – The activities incidental to the commission of crimes of violence that are similar in form and method to genuine terrorism but which nevertheless lack its essential ingredient. It is not the main purpose of the quasi-terrorists to induce terror in the immediate victim as in the case of genuine terrorism, but the quasi-terrorist uses the modalities and techniques of the genuine terrorist and produces similar consequences and reaction. For example, the fleeing felon who takes hostages is a quasi-terrorist, whose methods are similar to those of the genuine terrorist but whose purposes are quite different.
    Limited Political Terrorism – Genuine political terrorism is characterized by a revolutionary approach; limited political terrorism refers to “acts of terrorism which are committed for ideological or political motives but which are not part of a concerted campaign to capture control of the State.
    Official or State Terrorism – referring to nations whose rule is based upon fear and oppression that reach similar to terrorism or such proportions.”
    Cyber Terrorism-

  • Jessen O and harry - the smartest man alive

    Agro-terrorism
    Agroterrorism, also known as Agriterrorism, is “the malicious use of plant or animal pathogens to cause devastating disease in the agricultural sector. It may also take the form of hoaxes and threats intended to create public fear of such events

    Propaganda of the deed
    Propaganda of the deed (or propaganda by the deed, from the French propagande par le fait) is a concept of anarchist origin, which appeared towards the end of the 19th century, that promoted terrorism against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution.

    Bioterrorism
    Bioterrorism is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents (bacteria, viruses or toxins); these may be in a naturally-occurring or in a human-modified form.

    Christian terrorism
    Christian terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Christian goals or teachings.

    Communist terrorism
    Communist terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Communist goals or teachings. After Islamic groups, Communist groups are the largest number of organizations on the U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.

    eco-terrorism
    The term eco-terrorism is used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism. The FBI’s Domestic Terrorism Section defines eco-terrorism as “the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often of a symbolic nature.”

    Islamist terrorism
    Islamist terrorism (also Islamic terrorism) is terrorism – an act of violence targeting non-combatants – done to further the cause of Islam as determined by its supporters and practitioners. Amongst the controversies of the subject include: whether the motivation of the terrorists or alleged terrorists is self-defense or offensive expansion, national self-determination or Islamic supremacy; what targets of the terrorists or alleged terrorists are noncombatants; whether Islam condones, or sometime condones terrorism; whether some attacks are Islamist terrorism, or only terrorist acts done by Muslims; how much support there is in the Muslim world for what kinds of Islamic terrorism.

    Narcoterrorism
    Narcoterrorism is a term coined by former President Fernando Belaúnde Terry of Peru in 1983 when describing terrorist-type attacks against his nation’s anti-narcotics police. In the original context, narcoterrorism is understood to mean the attempts of narcotics traffickers to influence the policies of a government or a society through violence and intimidation, and to hinder the enforcement of the law and the administration of justice by the systematic threat or use of such violence. Pablo Escobar’s ruthless violence in his dealings with the Colombian government is probably one of the best known and best documented example of narcoterrorism.

    Nationalist terrorism
    Nationalist terrorism is a form of terrorism through which participants attempt to form an independent state against what they consider an occupying, imperial, or otherwise illegitimate state. “Nationalist terrorism” has also been used to describe groups attempting to create a state which upholds the rights of a group (national, ethnic, religious or other) that they consider oppressed or denied of basic rights granted to others in the state.

    Nuclear terrorism
    Nuclear terrorism denotes the use of nuclear weapons, radiological weapons (dirty bombs), or attacks against local facilities that handle nuclear material with mass destruction in mind.
    The threat of marginalized terrorist organizations using nuclear weapons (especially very small ones, such as suitcase nukes) has been a threat in American rhetoric and culture since at least the 1970s.

    Ethnic violence
    Ethnic violence (also known as ethnic terrorism or ethnically-motivated terrorism) refers to violence that is predominantly framed rhetorically by causes and issues related to ethnic hatred, though ethnic violence is more commonly related to political violence, and often the terms are interchangeable in a local context where reference to ethnicity is considered minimal or improper.

    State terrorism
    State terrorism is a controversial term (see:State terrorism: Confines and definition), which means violence against civilians perpetrated by a national government or proxy state[1]. Whether a particular act is described as “terrorism” may depend on whether the international community considers the action justified or necessary, or whether the described act is carried out as part of an armed conflict. It has to be mentioned, that the opinion of the International community cannot be defined and determined with universal agreement. State terrorism, where applicable, may be directed toward the population or infrastructure of the state in question or towards the population of other states. Although attacks on non-combatant civilians may occur during a time of war, they are not usually considered terrorism, especially if these are attacks on the enemy’s war fighting capacity (for example an industrial port). The terrorism may be carried out by the state’s own forces, such as an army, police, state supported militias, or other organisations, where it is more usually called state sponsored terrorism.

    State-sponsored terrorism
    State-sponsored terrorism (SST) is a political term used to refer to finance/bounties, equipment and intelligence material given across international boundaries to terrorist organizations and the families of deceased militants for the purpose of conducting or rewarding attacks on civilians. States that sponsor terrorism may also provide a “safe-haven” for persons accused of terrorism and refuse to extradite them. As with any form of terrorism, SST is used because it is believed to produce strategic results where the use of conventional armed forces is not practical or effective.

    “Terrorism.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 16 May 2007, 16:11 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 18 May 2007 .

  • Alex

    Agroterrorism: is the malicious use of plant or animal pathogens to cause devastating disease in agriculture.
    Propanganda: A form of terrorism aimed to convert or convince.
    Iraqi rebels.
    Bioterrorism: is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents (bacteria, viruses or toxins); these may be in a naturally-occurring or in a human-modified form.
    Eco-terrorism: is used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism.
    Eg: Animal Liberation Front
    Nationalist terrorism: is a form of terrorism through which participants attempt to form an independent state against what they consider an occupying, imperial, or otherwise illegitimate state.
    Eg: IRA, Al Aqusa Martyrs Brigade
    Nuclear terrorism: denotes the use of nuclear weapons, radiological weapons (dirty bombs), or attacks against local facilities that handle nuclear material with mass destruction in mind.
    Ethnic violence: (also known as ethnic terrorism or ethnically-motivated terrorism) refers to violence that is predominantly framed rhetorically by causes and issues related to ethnic hatred.
    Eg: KKK
    State terrorism: is a controversial term which means violence against civilians perpetrated by a national government or proxy state.
    State-sponsored terrorism (SST): is a political term used to refer to finance/bounties, equipment and intelligence material given across international boundaries to terrorist organizations and the families of deceased militants for the purpose of conducting or rewarding attacks on civilians.
    Example: French bombing of the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbour.
    Religious: Refers to terrorism justified or motivated by religion and is a form of religious violence.
    Eg. Jemah Islamiah
    Cyber terrorism: is the leveraging of a target’s computers and information technology, particularly via the Internet, to cause physical, real-world harm or severe disruption.
    site:

  • Sharon

    Nationalist- The perpetrators of this type of terrorism are individuals or groups with strong nationalist ideas and goals.
    Grey Wolves

    State-The purpose of State Terrorism is to dominate and intimidate the population through violent acts or threats, to cause terror and repression and obtain obedience to strict rules dictated by the State or the participation in State activities, utilizing systematic punishment, communication media, monopoly and the creation of disciplinary centers for dissidents.
    Kim Jong Il

    Global-This type of terrorism knows no borders, its goals are international and its perpetrators work from many parts of the world for a common cause, tightly interconnected, taking advantage of the latest technological advances in communications media.
    Jemaah Islamiya

    Bio-chemical-Terrorists have used biological agents that readily disperse by air or water or in edible products and can cause terrible diseases as a weapon in many occasions throughout history.

    Nuclear-An attack by terrorists using nuclear weapons to achieve their political, social or ideological goals.
    Al Quaeda

    Cyber-Cyberterrorism can be defined as the unlawful attack or threat of attack against computer networks and the information stored in them, with the intent to intimidate or coerce. (Verton, 2003).

    Ecoterrorism-”The use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by and environmentally-oriented group” (FBI’s Domestic Terrorism Section)
    Animal Liberation Front

    Narcoterrorism-Sometimes terrorist organizations are helped by and funded by narcotraffic groups that can perpetrate attacks and other crimes and in general cause damage to civilians and draw the attention of the authorities and law enforcement groups.
    Eg. Al Quaeda

    State sponsored-terrorism practiced by a government against its own people or in support of international terrorism.
    French government against the Rainbow Warrior

  • Tim and jarrod

    In prof. Gabriel Dulea book , “Psychology of Terrorism and Psychological Terror in Crisis Situations” she talks about there being at least nine types of terrorism. These are:
    -Nationalist-Separatist Terrorism. (IRA, KLA)
    -The fundamental Islamic terrorism(the most dangerous one). (Hammas)
    -Establishment terrorism, often called state or state-sponsored terrorism. It is employed by governments-or more often by factions within governments-against that government’s citizens,
    against factions within the government, or against foreign governments or groups. (French bombin of the Rainbow Warrior)
    -Left-Wing Terrorism. (Che Guevara)
    -Cyberterrorism. (An is example a group of Romanian’s illegally gained access to the computers controlling the life support systems at an Antarctic research station, endangering the 58 scientists involved)
    -Narcoterrorism. (When Narcotic trafficers use terrorist tactics against the government to make them leave them alone.)
    -Bioterrorism. (The use of biological agents in the act of terrorism. The Tokyo subway atacks).
    -Ad-terrorism. ??????
    -Air-terrorism. (The use of skyjacking, aircraft bombing, and other terrorist acts involving airplanes)

  • brent and chris

    Agro-terrorism
    Agroterrorism, also known as Agriterrorism, is “the malicious use of plant or animal pathogens to cause devastating disease in the agricultural sector. It may also take the form of hoaxes and threats intended to create public fear of such events”
    Propaganda of the deed
    Propaganda of the deed is a concept of anarchist origin, which appeared towards the end of the 19th century, that promoted terrorism against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution.
    There is no single definition of propaganda of the deed. Propaganda of the deed may take many forms, but in most cases utilizes violence which is often euphemized as “direct action”.
    Bioterrorism
    Bioterrorism is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents (bacteria, viruses or toxins); these may be in a naturally-occurring or in a human-modified form.
    Christian terrorism
    Christian terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Christian goals or teachings
    Communist terrorism
    Communist terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Communist goals or teachings. After Islamic groups, Communist groups are the largest number of organizations on the U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.
    Eco-terrorism
    The term eco-terrorism is used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism.
    Islamist terrorism
    Islamist terrorism (also Islamic terrorism) is terrorism – an act of violence targeting non-combatants – done to further the cause of Islam as determined by its supporters and practitioners.
    Narcoterrorism
    Terrorist tactics by drug traffickers against the government or police.
    In the original context, narcoterrorism is understood to mean the attempts of narcotics traffickers to influence the policies of a government or a society through violence and intimidation, and to hinder the enforcement of the law and the administration of justice by the systematic threat or use of such violence.
    Nationalist
    “Nationalist terrorism” has also been used to describe groups attempting to create a state which upholds the rights of a group (national, ethnic, religious or other) that they consider oppressed or denied of basic rights granted to others in the state.
    Nuclear terrorism
    Terrorism using nuclear weapons
    Political
    Terrorism to achieve a political goal
    Racist
    “Racist terrorism” is a form of ethnic violence which is typically dominated by overt forms of racism and xenophobic reactionism. This form typically involves attacks on minorities, and hold an association with right-wing extremism.
    State
    State terrorism is a controversial term which means violence against civilians perpetrated by a national government
    State-sponsored
    State-sponsored terrorism is a political term used to refer to finance/bounties, equipment and intelligence material given across international boundaries to terrorist organizations and the families of deceased militants for the purpose of conducting or rewarding attacks on civilians.

  • Alex

    Agroterrorism: is the malicious use of plant or animal pathogens to cause devastating disease in agriculture.
    Propanganda: A form of terrorism aimed to convert or convince.
    Iraqi rebels.
    Bioterrorism: is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents (bacteria, viruses or toxins); these may be in a naturally-occurring or in a human-modified form.
    Eco-terrorism: is used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism.
    Eg: Animal Liberation Front
    Nationalist terrorism: is a form of terrorism through which participants attempt to form an independent state against what they consider an occupying, imperial, or otherwise illegitimate state.
    Eg: IRA, Al Aqusa Matyrs Brigade.
    Nuclear terrorism: denotes the use of nuclear weapons, radiological weapons (dirty bombs), or attacks against local facilities that handle nuclear material with mass destruction in mind.
    Ethnic violence: (also known as ethnic terrorism or ethnically-motivated terrorism) refers to violence that is predominantly framed rhetorically by causes and issues related to ethnic hatred.
    Eg: KKK
    State terrorism: is a controversial term which means violence against civilians perpetrated by a national government or proxy state.
    State-sponsored terrorism (SST): is a political term used to refer to finance/bounties, equipment and intelligence material given across international boundaries to terrorist organizations and the families of deceased militants for the purpose of conducting or rewarding attacks on civilians.
    Example: French bombing of the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbour.
    Religious: Refers to terrorism justified or motivated by religion and is a form of religious violence.
    Eg. Jemah Islamiah
    Cyber terrorism: is the leveraging of a target’s computers and information technology, particularly via the Internet, to cause physical, real-world harm or severe disruption.
    site:

  • Jono

    - Agro-terrorism: using animal and plant material to cause disease
    - Propaganda of the deed: portrays the act of anarchist
    - Bio-terrorism: intentionally releasing biological agents (bacteria, virus’s or toxins)
    - Christian terrorism: using Christianity believes to persuade society into what they want
    - Communist terrorism: trying to bring back the autocratic rule in society
    - Eco-terrorism: using threats and acts of violence in a environmentalist way
    - Islamist Terrorism: act of violence targeting civilians to persuade government into Islam
    - Narcoterrorism: Is the use of terrorist tactics against narcotic traffickers, trying to in intimidating the government to leave them alone.
    - Nationalist: terrorism where a group attempt to form an independent state and withhold state laws.
    - Nuclear terrorism: The use of nuclear weapons to inflict pain and suffering on a targeted group
    - Race: ethnic violence is when a certain group targets another race in an effort to gain domination

  • Alex

    Agroterrorism: is the malicious use of plant or animal pathogens to cause devastating disease in agriculture.
    Propanganda: A form of terrorism aimed to convert or convince.
    Iraqi rebels.
    Bioterrorism: is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents (bacteria, viruses or toxins); these may be in a naturally-occurring or in a human-modified form.
    Eco-terrorism: is used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism.
    Eg: Animal Liberation Front
    Nationalist terrorism: is a form of terrorism through which participants attempt to form an independent state against what they consider an occupying, imperial, or otherwise illegitimate state.
    Eg: IRA, Al Aqusa Martrys Brigade
    Nuclear terrorism: denotes the use of nuclear weapons, radiological weapons (dirty bombs), or attacks against local facilities that handle nuclear material with mass destruction in mind.
    Ethnic violence: (also known as ethnic terrorism or ethnically-motivated terrorism) refers to violence that is predominantly framed rhetorically by causes and issues related to ethnic hatred.
    Eg: KKK
    State terrorism: is a controversial term, which means violence against civilians perpetrated by a national government or proxy state.
    State-sponsored terrorism (SST): is a political term used to refer to finance/bounties, equipment and intelligence material given across international boundaries to terrorist organizations and the families of deceased militants for the purpose of conducting or rewarding attacks on civilians.
    Example: French bombing of the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbour.
    Religious: Refers to terrorism justified or motivated by religion and is a form of religious violence.
    Eg. Jemah Islamiah
    Cyber terrorism: is the leveraging of a target’s computers and information technology, particularly via the Internet, to cause physical, real-world harm or severe disruption.
    site:

  • Alex Mac

    1. Kurdistan Workers Party (aka AKK): State sponsored terrorist group,
    2. Black Star is an anarchist group also known as Mavro Asteri. During the period between May of 1999 and October of 2002
    3. AZF is a terrorist group based in France
    4. Al Qaeda, use Narcoterrorism along with other forms of terroism , for example they financed their activities(9/11) through drug trafficking
    5. March 1881. Tsar Alexander II is killed in a bomb-blast by Narodnaya Volya who was a terrorist using Propaganda of the deed.
    6. Right-wing terrorism the use of violence by people seeking to dispence with liberal democratic governments.
    7. Bioterrorism is terrorism by intentional release or dissemination of biological agents (bacteria, viruses or toxins); these may be in a naturally-occurring or in a human-modified form. A group that used this form of terrorism are the Rajneeshees 1984

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